Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied knot at gunpoint in 2016

Wedding by abduction soars in Bihar, over 3,000 grooms tied knot at gunpoint in 2016

The amounts of wedding by abduction, the tradition is straightforward: zero-in on a potential groom, kidnap him while making him tie the nuptial knot at gunpoint, are growing.


  • Abduction by marriage is nothing unusual in Bihar.

Might 25 had been supposed to be a unforgettable time for Julie, a 19-year-old woman in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur region, 70 km north of this state money Patna. She has been visited by a for makeup products and Julie ended up being sparkling inside her bridal attire.

Her household had been all decked up, the pandit (priest) had been here to chant mantra that is sacred Abhinay Kumar, a 22-year-old youth she would be to connect the nuptial knot, ended up being prepared, though under duress. But, simply whenever wedding mantras had been over, the police arrived; trying to find the kidnapped groom after their moms and dads registered situation for this impact. But as always, the cops arrived belated, and also by the right time the wedding had been over.

They nevertheless desired to rescue the groom however the bride along with her household – backed with family members and villagers – set up a hardcore battle, forcing the cops to beat a retreat that is hasty. The cops came back hour later on, angrier than before; plus in greater quantity. They swung their batons with such ferocity it left almost two dozen gents and ladies, including Julie hurt.

Now, per week later on, with accidents all over her human body, julie continues to be struggling to walk right. The Muzaffarpur senior superintendent of authorities Vivek Kumar has suspended Gayghat authorities place in-charge Rajesh Choudhary, keeping him accountable for excesses. The sole good outcome for Julie when you look at the whole drama had been that her husband who was simply reluctant to marry her initially begun to empathise, seeing her writhing in pain.

“we have accepted her as my partner. Whatever huge difference there is certainly between our families, it will probably shortly get over. Time will heal every thing, ” he states.


Seems like a uncommon option to get hitched? In Julie and Abhinay’s Bihar what’s strange just isn’t the way when the few strolled down the aisle, nevertheless the authorities action that followed. Interestingly, this might be nothing uncommon in Bihar since the state witnesses around 3,000 partners getting hitched within the style that is same virtually every 12 months. Statistics comes down to nine marriages that are such time.

Referred to as Pakadwa Vivah (wedding by abduction), the tradition is straightforward: zero-in for a groom that is prospective kidnap him and work out him connect the nuptial knot at gunpoint. As well as the figures are actually growing. Bihar witnessed 3,075 kidnapping for wedding in 2016. It absolutely was 3,001 in 2015 and 2,533 in 2014. And a lot of these marriages survive.

Abduction for marriage seemingly have remained unabated in 2017 too. Based on numbers available because of the authorities, Bihar currently has reported 830 kidnappings for marriage by March in 2010. Having said that, just eight instances of kidnappings for ransom – which Bihar had been when infamous for – are registered during this time period.

Demonstrably, abduction for wedding is practically like an existing, appropriate trend in Bihar. The NCRB Crime in India Report, 2015 report – that is the most up-to-date figure that is official at current – additionally confirms that while Bihar is far below other States with regards to abduction of males below 18 years old, it appears towards the top in the united states in terms of abductions of above 18-year-old males. In reality, the true wide range of abducted men from Bihar into the 18 to 30 age-group category had been 1,096 in 2015. Their state alone taken into account almost 17 % of this nationwide figure in the category.

“The abduction of guys for wedding is a consequence that is direct of evils like dowry. It really is a rearguard action through the bride’s family members, which discovers it self under great product load while organizing the wedding. In a society that is traditionally patriarchal Bihar, marriages have grown to be a money-minting enterprise for the child’s moms and dads. Therefore, families without wherewithal to prepare a significant dowry turn to hopeless measures like abducting an appropriate bridegroom for his or her child’s wedding, ” says Ashok Priyadarshi, an instructor in Nawada, an area infamous for such marriages.


Though unlawful, dowry can be an inescapable marriage that is traditional in which the groom’s household demands enormous amounts of cash and items through the bride’s household as a disorder for letting their son marry her.

Families turn to snatch males – usually young guys- since it is easier than approaching child’s families and cheaper than having to pay the”dowry that is standard” which can be in lakhs plus a car.

Kamta Singh, Chairman of a main farming credit community in Rampur, Navada advertised that very nearly 90 per cent marriages within the town have already been solemnised by kidnapping a bridegroom. A number that is good of are kidnapped and hitched down during matriculation and intermediate examinations if they go to the assessment centers. In March, a boy that is 17-year-old kidnapped from Patna and hitched down to a 15-year-old woman soon after he reached the town having a relative who was simply showing up for matriculation assessment. The child, a course XII pupil, had been whisked away by four guys on two bikes after smothering him unconscious with a chloroformed cloth. Because of the time the kid regained their sensory faculties, he had been inside a residence with many people around, whom told him he was now hitched. Their clothing too had been turned into bridal attire.

Families usually utilize buddies and family relations, or even employ expert crooks, to carryout abductions for marriages. In-may 2009, crooks assigned to kidnap 16-year-old Lalbabu for marriage, exposed fire in Gaya to terrorise a small grouping of pupils, who have been utilizing the target as he arrived on the scene from a mentoring Centre.

Lalbabu’s buddy Praveen received a gunshot and succumbed to their accidents. A shocked Lalbabu had been abducted by the crooks up to a temple in Jehanabad region where he had been forced to marry a 13-year-old woman babita underneath the shadow of a weapon. The wedding, but, dropped aside using the authorities murder that is registering contrary to the bride’s dad and sibling.


Also safety personnel on their own may be kidnapped because of the crooks. As soon as, the bodyguard of the Bihar Cadre IPS officer Shivdeep W Lande, now on deputation to Maharashtra, ended up being kidnapped as he ended up being published in Jamalpur. Nevertheless the kidnappers set him free after realising that a police could be invited by them backlash.

As soon as a kid is kidnapped and taken up to a bride’s house, their future in-laws attempt to relax him straight down by putting a marriage headgear onto their head. The embroidered headgear, called a Mauri, is really a sign of their submissive acceptance. Numerous battle fiercely, but every kidnapped kid fundamentally relents under duress. The villagers extend support to the girl’s family in almost all such cases. The ceremony is videographed so your tapes may be used as proof later on.

In reality, also priests of town temples – where marriages are solemnised, like into the full situation of Lalbabu – cooperate with all the woman’s family members and issue a certification of wedding. Plainly, the approval from culture to marriages that are such emboldened the families to use the legislation in their arms.

The training has technically been unlawful for a long time, however the legislation seldom happens to be enforced. Brutal due to the fact custom is, it really is commonly regarded as practical.


“a lot of people do not care it is unlawful while there is an extremely possibility that is high of. The kid’s household frets and fumes following the wedding but simply to raise a dowry need. Guaranteed that the child is currently theirs, the lady’s moms and dad will also be ready to settle things by providing one-fourth associated with the typical dowry which they might have experienced to provide had the kid maybe maybe not been hitched, ” stated Hetukar Jha a retired sociology teacher at Patna University.

Rajiv Narayan of Nawada in Bihar is among the many such guys whom has put the past behind and accepted their spouse, with who he had been forcefully hitched in 1976. Rajiv ended up being tricked to consult with Badhaiya in Lakhisarai region where he had been hitched under duress as he had been simply 14.

He had been hitched to Madhuri Devi, who had been just 12. Their own families permitted the 2 to perform their studies ahead of the two had been formally meant to live together. Today Rajiv is required as being a meter audience with Bihar Electricity Board while Madhuri is college instructor at Nawada.

Rajiv’s younger bro Ashok (40 12 months), legal counsel, ended up being hitched during the chronilogical age of 13 in a fashion that is similar Annu of Pakribaswan village. The youngest bro Dhannjay had been additionally abducted and married to Sunita of Bighawa town in 2002. Dhananjay, 25, now operates some type of computer hardware store.